How to Clean Airsoft Gun: A Quick and Simple Guide

Regular cleaning is essential to keep your airsoft gun in top condition and to perform at its best. Whether you’re a seasoned airsoft player or just starting, cleaning your airsoft gun can seem daunting, but it doesn’t have to be.

In this quick and simple guide, we’ll walk you through the steps you need to take to keep your airsoft gun clean and functioning correctly.

We’ll cover the essential tools you’ll need, the different types of airsoft guns, and the steps you should follow to clean your gun safely and effectively. We’ll also provide some tips and tricks for maintaining your airsoft gun between games so it’s always ready for action.

Cleaning your airsoft gun may seem like a chore, but it’s essential to being an airsoft player. With the right tools and a little know-how, you can keep your airsoft gun in top condition and ensure it performs well during games and competitions.

So let’s start and learn how to clean your airsoft gun like a pro!

Why Clean Your Airsoft Gun

Regular airsoft gun maintenance is essential to ensure optimal performance and accuracy. A clean gun will perform at its best, giving you an edge in casual and competitive games. Periodic cleaning also helps extend the lifespan of your airsoft gun, preventing unnecessary wear and tear.

Another crucial aspect of cleaning your airsoft gun is identifying and addressing potential issues before they become more significant problems.

With proper maintenance, you can avoid costly repairs or even a complete replacement. Maintenance practices vary depending on the type of airsoft gun, but there are some basic steps everyone should follow.

Some key benefits of cleaning your airsoft gun include:

  • Improved accuracy: A clean barrel will provide better shots and increase your chances of hitting your target.
  • Consistent performance: Regular maintenance ensures your airsoft gun operates smoothly during each game.
  • Extended lifespan: Cleaning helps prevent damage, wear, and tear, thus prolonging the life of your airsoft gun.

By taking care of your airsoft gun and maintaining it regularly, you’ll have a reliable and effective tool to use in the competitive world of airsoft sports.

Types of Airsoft Guns

You should be aware of three main types of airsoft guns: spring-powered, gas-powered, and automatic electric guns (AEGs).

Spring-powered Guns

As the name suggests, these guns use a spring mechanism to propel the BBs. Pull back the slide or bolt to compress the spring, and you’re ready to fire. Spring guns are more affordable and accessible to maintain than other types of airsoft guns. Some examples include:

Gas-powered Guns

These guns use gas, such as CO2 or green gas, stored in gas magazines to fire BBs. Gas guns provide a more realistic shooting experience, with features like blowback and adjustable velocities.

However, they can be more complex to maintain and may perform poorly in cold conditions. Types of gas-powered guns include:

  • Gas pistols
  • Gas rifles
  • Gas shotguns

Automatic Electric Guns (AEGs)

Use a battery-powered motor to drive an internal piston and gear system. AEGs are popular because of their power, consistency, and versatility. They can fire in semi-automatic and fully automatic modes, and their performance can be easily customized.


AEGs are available in various styles:

  • AEG rifles (like M4, AK, and G36 models)
  • AEG submachine guns (like MP5 and UMP models)
  • AEG light machine guns (like RPK and M249 models)

Now that you’re familiar with the types of airsoft guns, you can better understand how to clean and maintain them based on their specific mechanisms.

Tools and Materials for Cleaning

To clean your airsoft gun properly, you’ll need a few essential tools and materials: a cleaning rod, lubricant, silicone oil, cleaning cloth, pressurized air, cotton swabs, unjamming rod, screwdriver, rubbing alcohol, paper towels, microfiber cloth, and white lithium grease.

Start with a cleaning rod to clear any debris from the barrel. Utilize cotton swabs and rubbing alcohol to clean tight areas you can’t reach with the cleaning rod. Afterward, use pressurized air to remove the remaining residue.

  • Cleaning rod: Helps remove debris from the barrel.
  • Cotton swabs & rubbing alcohol: Great for cleaning hard-to-reach areas.
  • Pressurized air: Helps get rid of leftover residue.

Choose silicone oil and white lithium grease to lubricate your gun’s moving parts. Silicone oil is best for O-rings and other rubber components, while white lithium grease works well on gears and other metal parts.

  • Silicone oil: Suited for O-rings and rubber components.
  • White lithium grease: Ideal on gears and metal parts.

Finally, gather a cleaning cloth, paper towels, and a microfiber cloth. The cleaning cloth is great for wiping down your gun’s body, and paper towels help with quick cleanups. A microfiber cloth is best for the final polish of your airsoft gun.

  • Cleaning cloth: Perfect for cleaning the gun’s body.
  • Paper towels: Useful for quick cleanups.
  • Microfiber cloth: Ideal for polishing your airsoft gun.

Preparing for Cleaning

Before you begin cleaning your airsoft gun, it’s essential to disassemble it according to the user manual. This step ensures you have proper access to all the components that require maintenance.

Make sure your gun is empty by checking and removing any remaining ammunition.

Gather your cleaning equipment, such as cotton swabs, microfiber towels, and silicone lubricant. Organize your cleaning tools in a designated workspace to help you efficiently clean and reassemble your airsoft gun.

Remember, using the appropriate tools and materials can prevent damage to your gun.

As you disassemble your airsoft gun, inspect each component for any signs of wear, tear, or damage. Noting these issues can help you address them during cleaning and maintain your gun’s performance.

As you proceed, stay alert for signs of rust, cracks, or loose parts.

Cleaning the Exterior

First, ensure your airsoft gun is completely unloaded, and the battery is disconnected before cleaning the exterior. Dirt and dust can accumulate on the outer surfaces, which may impact the performance of your airsoft gun. Using a soft-bristled brush, gently brush away any loose dirt and dust from the exterior surfaces of your gun.

Pay special attention to the plastic components, such as the stock and grip, as they can become slippery if not cleaned properly. Gently wipe these areas with a slightly damp cloth, making sure not to cause any damage to the material.

Lastly, check the o-rings on your airsoft gun for any damage or wear, as these can affect the air seal and overall performance. If you spot any issues, replace the o-ring with a new one.


By keeping the exterior of your airsoft gun clean and well-maintained, you’ll ensure that it performs optimally during all your airsoft games.

Cleaning the Barrel

Regularly cleaning the barrel is crucial to maintain your airsoft gun’s performance. A dirty barrel can lead to inconsistent shots and even rust, causing permanent damage. Follow these steps to ensure a clean and well-functioning inner barrel.

First, gather the necessary cleaning supplies, including:

  • A soft cleaning rod
  • High-quality silicone lubricant
  • Lint-free cleaning patches or microfiber cloth

Before you begin, ensure your airsoft gun is unloaded and the battery and magazine are removed. This is for your safety and the gun’s longevity.

Attach a cleaning patch or small microfiber cloth to the soft cleaning rod. Apply a few drops of high-quality silicone lubricant on the patch or cloth, then insert the rod into the barrel. Slowly push the cleaning rod down the entire barrel length, ensuring it reaches all the way.

After cleaning, inspect the barrel to verify if it is clean and rust-free. You can use a flashlight to view the inner barrel’s cleanliness if necessary. Keep your airsoft gun barrel in top condition and enjoy better accuracy and longevity.

Cleaning the Magazine

First, remove the magazine from your airsoft gun to avoid any potential damage. Next, gently check for any noticeable debris or dirt on the exterior using a soft brush or cloth to clean the surface.

Release the spring by pressing down on the follower to clean the inside. Once the tension is released, carefully slide out the internal components of the magazine. Make sure not to lose any small parts that may fall out during this process.

Now it’s time to clean the magazine’s interior. Use a cotton swab or a similar instrument to gently cleanse the inside walls, removing any accumulated dust or debris. Cleaning the follower is equally essential as it helps ensure the smooth feeding of BBs into your airsoft rifle:

Step 1: Clean the follower with a cotton swab or cloth

Step 2: If necessary, use a mild cleaning solution (avoid harsh chemicals)

Step 3: Carefully dry the follower before reassembling the magazine

Finally, put the internal components back into the magazine, ensuring they are positioned correctly. Re-engage the spring, making sure it is functioning properly. Slide the magazine back into your airsoft gun, and you’ll be ready to hit the field with a cleaned and well-maintained weapon.

Cleaning and Maintaining Internal Components

Before you begin, it’s essential to disassemble your airsoft gun to access the internal components. Once disassembled, you can clean and maintain the crucial parts, such as the gearbox, motor, and barrel.

Follow these steps for cleaning:

  • Barrel: Use a cleaning rod with a soft cloth and gently push it through the barrel to remove dirt and debris. Be careful not to damage the inner barrel or its hop-up.
  • Motor: Use a brush to clean dust and dirt from the motor and its connectors. Ensure the brushes are clear of debris to prevent performance issues.
  • Gearbox: Inspect the gearbox for dirt, gunk, or damage. Remove debris with a brush or cloth, and lubricate the gears using a small amount of silicone grease.

For maintaining moving parts, lubrication is vital:

  • Gears: Apply a thin layer of silicone grease to the gears in the gearbox, ensuring they’re well-coated but not overly saturated.
  • Spring guide: Lubricate the spring guide, which reduces wear and ensures smoother performance.
  • Piston O-ring: Apply a small amount of silicone oil to the piston O-ring to keep it in good condition and improve compression.

Proper cleaning and maintenance of your airsoft gun’s internal components can significantly prolong its lifespan and help maintain its performance. So, make it a habit to regularly clean and lubricate the vital parts of your airsoft gun.

Reassembling and Storing Your Airsoft Gun

Once everything is cleaned and lubricated, carefully reassemble your airsoft gun. Use the proper amount of Teflon grease on the gears and a light touch of silicone oil on the spring and O-rings. Remember to pay close attention to the hop-up unit, ensuring it’s correctly positioned.

Before storing your airsoft gun, perform a quick functionality test to ensure everything works as intended. If you experience any issues, double-check your assembly and make necessary adjustments.

To properly store your airsoft gun, follow these simple guidelines:

  • Keep it in a cool, dry environment to prevent rust and corrosion.
  • Remove the magazine and ensure the gun is not loaded.
  • Disconnect the battery for AEGs or release any stored gas for gas-powered guns.
  • Use a gun case or bag to protect your airsoft gun from dust and damage.

By following these steps, you’ll ensure the longevity and performance of your airsoft gun, keeping it ready for your next skirmish.

Common Issues and Solutions

One common issue you may encounter with your airsoft gun is jamming. This typically occurs when BBs get stuck or cause obstructions inside the barrel.

To resolve this—remove the magazine, fire the gun in a safe direction to clear any remaining BBs, and then use a cleaning rod to push out any stuck BBs or residue gently.

Corrosion is another issue in airsoft guns, mainly if you use cheap or low-quality BBs, and these can leave behind residue that leads to rust and damage to the internal components.

To avoid corrosion, ensure you only use high-quality BBs and clean your gun regularly using a soft cloth and a small amount of silicone oil.

External damages, such as dents or cracks, can affect your gun’s performance. Inspect your gun for any visible damage and address minor issues with available repair kits. For more significant damages, consider seeking the help of a professional technician.

Maintaining your airsoft gun’s performance is crucial, and addressing issues as they arise is essential. By keeping your gun clean, using quality BBs, and inspecting it for damages, you can enjoy a seamless airsoft experience.

Regular Maintenance and Professional Help

To maintain your airsoft equipment, regular maintenance is essential. By performing regular maintenance, you can extend the lifespan of your gear and ensure optimal performance.

It’s always a good idea to do some basic cleaning and maintenance after each use of your airsoft gun.


You should also seek professional help for specialized tasks that require expert knowledge. Professionals can provide deep cleaning, address performance issues, and perform necessary repairs, ensuring your airsoft gun continues functioning smoothly. Feel free to contact experts for help, even if you have a good grasp on maintaining your airsoft equipment.

Regular maintenance tasks can include cleaning the barrel, lubricating moving parts, and inspecting the internal components for any signs of wear or damage. Make sure you always follow the manufacturer’s guidelines when performing these tasks:

By following these regular maintenance practices and seeking professional help, you’ll ensure your airsoft equipment remains in top condition and performs at its best for longer.


Cleaning your airsoft gun is essential for maintaining peak performance and ensuring longevity. Proper cleaning ensures your airsoft gun will reliably serve you for years.

In summary, remember to:

  • Unload and switch off your airsoft gun before cleaning
  • Use a cleaning rod and quality cleaning solution to remove dirt and debris
  • Inspect and lubricate moving parts to prevent damage and ensure smooth operation
  • Keep your airsoft gun adequately stored when not in use, avoiding humidity and direct sunlight

By adhering to these guidelines, you’ll enjoy smooth, hassle-free gameplay and prolong the lifespan of your equipment. Remember that regular maintenance is critical, so cleaning your airsoft gun is a routine part of your airsoft experience.

Frequently Asked Questions

Q. How often should I clean my airsoft gun?

It’s recommended to clean your airsoft gun after every use to maintain its performance and longevity. Regular cleaning will also prevent debris buildup and potential damage.

Q. What materials do I need for cleaning my airsoft gun?

Regular cleaning is crucial to keep your airsoft gun in good condition and ensure it functions appropriately. You’ll need a few essential items to clean your airsoft gun, including a soft cloth or microfiber towel, a cleaning rod with an appropriate attachment, 100% silicon oil or airsoft-compatible cleaning solution, and Q-tips or cotton swabs.

Using these tools, you can remove dirt and debris, lubricate the moving parts, and prevent rust and corrosion.

Q. Can I use household cleaners to clean my airsoft gun?

Avoid household cleaners as they may contain harsh chemicals that can damage your airsoft gun. Stick to 100% silicon oil or a cleaning solution specifically designed for airsoft guns.

Q. How can I clean my airsoft gun’s barrel?

Attach a cleaning patch or soft cloth to the cleaning rod, lightly dampen it with a cleaning solution, and gently insert it into the barrel. Slowly push the rod through, twisting it as you go, until it emerges from the other end. Repeat this process a few times to remove any residue.

Q. How can I prevent my airsoft gun from jamming?

Regular cleaning and proper maintenance are vital to preventing jams. Additionally, always use high-quality BBs and avoid overloading your magazine, which can cause feeding issues and potential jams.

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